FORMS OF TRADITIONAL STATES AND THEIR HISTORICAL SPECIFICITY
The article investigates traditional states in the context of their historical origin. The work substantiates that in the traditional legal order, land ownership generates political power distributed among several carriers, representing the community, and the other, the State itself. To describe the state's traditional form, the authors propose to use the concept of “diarchy”, which differs significantly from both the monarchical and the republican forms of the state. The authors show that the latter has not been adequately covered in the history of political and legal doctrines. However, it serves as the basis to develop monarchical and republican forms of government. In this respect, it is substantiated that in the era of traditional states, diarchy was a typical form of state organization, the essence of which was the division of power prerogatives between the supreme ruler, who concentrated priestly functions, and the “vice-king”, exercising the full military and administrative power.
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