ANALYSIS OF FUNDAMENTAL SYSTEMS IN ARCHITECTURE WITH NATURE ATTITUDE NATURAL SYSTEMS IN CASE STUDY OF ARCHITECTURE OF NIAKI NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSES, AMOL
As usual, in architecture the most important part would be possible through fundamental systems. Either soft or hard materials or a combination of natural inspiration and the nature generally form these kinds of structures. Attitude toward the universe and its phenomena has been raised since far past in ancient cultures and worldviews. It should note that human and nature are considered as architectural system environment. Because this system is firmly related to its environment, its great number of environmental impacts makes a subsystem in the whole architectural system. Research and inference process are based on case study analysis of case studies among which Niakie neighborhood houses in Amol are chosen through all the magnificent architectural works from Qajar period. The research achievements indicate that there are the greatest effects done by using the natural materials, the natural forms as well as climate principles on the manner of natural ten deny in the architecture of houses in Qajar era. The main question in this research is how the natural systems have been expressed in the architecture of old Iranian houses descriptive analytical techniques are used in research process. The required data for theoretical formulation of the topic, which collected by Briary Method and the analysis, is given for each work by field study. This study seeks to examine how some architectural art works interact with nature by analyzing a number of architectural artifacts through stem systems, applying the natural process and obtaining appropriate natural patterns.
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