• Ali Dehbalaei Islamic Azad University
  • Ayatollah Parvizifar Islamic Azad University
  • Seyyed Sajjad Kazemi Islamic Azad University
  • Narges Jafari Islamic Azad University


Crimes based on hate crimes against a person or property based on malicious, malicious, and prejudiced motives against a particular social group. In today's world, many factors can lead to hate crimes. These crimes were initially about racial disagreements but today there are many factors that can be the basis for hate crimes, factors such as race, nationality, religious beliefs, gender identity and disability. Hate crimes potentially create serious problems for public order and public safety. These types of crimes cause social unrest and the distraction of cultural groups and damage solidarity. It also stimulates inter-group crises and eventually extremism in society. Internal conflicts that have the effect of widespread hatred are likely to enter a military phase. In hate crimes, there may not be anyone wronged and the whole of a social group has fallen victim to itself. The analysis and evaluation of hate crimes in the light of large-scale criminological and sociological theories shows that the commission of crimes in this area is complex and has many dimensions. Hate crimes are among the high-risk crimes that, due to the complexity of the psychological and criminological perspective, it is not possible to propose a preventive strategy to deal with it. The study investigates these crimes and tries to help in managing and controlling these crimes by examining the main factors involved in committing such crimes.

Biografia do Autor

Ali Dehbalaei, Islamic Azad University

Department of Law, Kangavar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kangavar, Iran.

Ayatollah Parvizifar, Islamic Azad University

Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Kangavar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kangavar, Iran.

Seyyed Sajjad Kazemi, Islamic Azad University

Assistant Professor, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran.

Narges Jafari, Islamic Azad University

Department of Law, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.


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