• Shahab Eshraqi University of Tehran
  • Asghar Oghalaiee University of Tehran
  • Mohammadreza Sadeghimoghaddam University of Tehran


Uma questão metodológica fundamental orienta este artigo: como os gestores e pesquisadores da inovação podem aprender com o método de pesquisa-ação? Para abordar essa questão, primeiro afirmamos que estudos teóricos e empíricos confirmam que a metodologia de pesquisa-ação é útil para o gerenciamento da inovação, então definimos e exploramos as características e o processo de pesquisa-ação e o valor dela. Neste artigo, revisamos os artigos sobre metodologia de pesquisa-ação, teórica ou empírica, relevante e válida para a gestão da inovação e delineamos os modelos de ciclo de pesquisa-ação relacionados ao gerenciamento da inovação. Além disso, discutimos sobre a filosofia desse método e descrevemos as habilidades do pesquisador necessárias para se engajar em pesquisa-ação.


Argyris, C., Putnam, R., & Smith, D. M. (1985). Action science: Jossey-Bass San Francisco.

Becker, M. C. (2004). Organizational routines: a review of the literature. Industrial and Corporate Change, 13(4), 643-678.

Bentz, V. M., & Shapiro, J. J. (1998). Mindful inquiry in social research: Sage.

Bunning, C. (1995). Placing action learning and action research in context. International Management Centre, Brisbane, Australia.

Calhoun, E. F. (1994). How To Use Action Research in the Self-Renewing School: ERIC.

Canterino, F., Shani, A. B., Coghlan, D., & Brunelli, M. S. (2016). Collaborative management research as a modality of action research: learning from a merger-based study. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 52(2), 157-186.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2000). Research methods in education. London and New York: Falmer.

Collier, J. (1945). Social research/an international quarterly of social sciences. New York, Graduate fac, 12, 275-276.

Coriat, B., & Dosi, G. (1998). Learning how to govern and learning how to solve problems: on the co-evolution of competences, conflicts, and organizational routines.

Dick, R. (1993). You Want to Do an Action Research Thesis?: How to Conduct and Report Action Research,(including a Beginner's Guide to the Literature): Interchange.

Dosi, G. (1988). Sources, procedures, and microeconomic effects of innovation. Journal of economic literature, 1120-1171.

Gadamer, H.-G., Weinsheimer, J., & Marshall, D. G. (2004). EPZ Truth and Method: Bloomsbury Publishing USA.

Grudens-Schuck, N. (1998). When farmers design curriculum: Participatory education for sustainable agriculture in Ontario, Canada: Cornell University, Aug.

Grundy, S., & Kemmis, S. (1982). Educational action research in Australia: The state of the art (an overview). The action research reader, 3, 321-335.

Gummesson, E. (2000). Qualitative methods in management research: Sage.

Gustavsen, B. (1992). Dialogue and development: theory of communication, action research and the restructuring of working life: Van Gorcum Assen.

Hart, E., & Bond, M. (1995). Action research for health and social care: A guide to practice: Taylor & Francis.

Holter, I. M., & Schwartz‐Barcott, D. (1993). Action Research: What is it? How has it been used and how can it be used in nursing? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 18(2), 298-304.

Hopper, T. F. (1996). Learning To Teach Games for Understanding: Coming To Know the Action Research Process.

Jelinek, M. (1979). Institutionalizing innovation: A study of organizational learning systems: Praeger Publishers.

Kemmis, S., & McTaggart, R. (2000). Participatory Action Research. IN DENZIN, N. & LINCOLN, Y.(Eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Research: London, Sage Publications Inc.

Kilvington, M., Allen, W., & Kravchenko, C. (1999). Improving farmer motivation within Tb vector control. Unpublished Landcare Research Contract Report LC9899/110, Lincoln, New Zealand.

Kocher, P.-Y., Kaudela-Baum, S., & Wolf, P. (2011). Enhancing organisational innovation capability through systemic action research: a case of a Swiss SME in the food industry. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 24(1), 17-44.

Lewin, K. (1946). Action research and minority problems. Journal of social issues, 2(4), 34-46.

Lewin, R. A. (1952). Studies on the flagella of algae. I. General observations on Chlamydomonas moewusii Gerloff. Biological Bulletin, 74-79.

Mair, J., & Marti, I. (2006). Social entrepreneurship research: A source of explanation, prediction, and delight. Journal of World Business, 41(1), 36-44.

Mazigo, A. F. (2017). Promoting Social Innovation Through Action Research: Evidence from an Empirical Study in the Fisheries Sector of Ukerewe District in Tanzania. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 18(2), 239-257.

McNiff, J., & Whitehead, J. (2009). You and your action research project: Routledge.

Meyer, J. (1995). Action research-stages in the process: a personal account. Nurse Researcher, 2(3), 24-37.

Michael, D. N. (1995). Barriers and bridges to learning in a turbulent human ecology. Barriers and bridges to the renewal of ecosystems and institutions. Columbia University Press, New York, 461-485.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook: Sage.

Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. G. (2009). An evolutionary theory of economic change: Harvard University Press.

Ottosson, S. (2003). Participation action research-: A key to improved knowledge of management. Technovation, 23(2), 87-94.

Reason, P., & Bradbury, H. (2001). Handbook of action research: Participative inquiry and practice: Sage.

Reason, P. E. (1994). Participation in human inquiry: Sage Publications, Inc.

Salehi, F., & Yaghtin, A. (2015). Action research innovation cycle: Lean thinking as a transformational system. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 181, 293-302.

Somekh, B. (1995). The contribution of action research to development in social endeavours: a position paper on action research methodology. British Educational Research Journal, 21(3), 339-355.

Suojanen, U. (2001). Action research.

Susman, G. I., & Evered, R. D. (1978). An assessment of the scientific merits of action research. Administrative science quarterly, 582-603.

Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7), 509-533.

Tinning, R. (1992). Reading action research: Notes on knowledge and human interests. Quest, 44(1), 1-14.

Tzeng, C.-H. (2009). A review of contemporary innovation literature: A Schumpeterian perspective. Innovation, 11(3), 373-394.

Van Beinum, H. (1998). On the practice of action research. Concepts and Transformation, 3(1-2), 1-29.

Van Beinum, H., Faucheux, C., & Van der Vlist, R. (1996). Reflections on the epigenetic significance of action research. Beyond Theory: Changing Organizations through Participation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Wang, C. L., & Ahmed, P. K. (2007). Dynamic capabilities: A review and research agenda. International journal of management reviews, 9(1), 31-51.

Waterman, H., Tillen, D., Dickson, R., & De Koning, K. (2000). Action research: a systematic review and guidance for assessment. Health technology assessment (Winchester, England), 5(23), iii-157.

Wortley, S. (1996). Business as usual or action research in practice. Action Research Electronic Reader.

Yström, A. E., Ollila, S., Agogue, M., & Coghlan, D. (2017). Developing a Learning Method in an Open Innovation Project Through Action Research. Paper presented at the Academy of Management Proceedings.