According to legal scholars, imprisonment, despite its multiplicity of uses, has a devastating effect on the status of convicts and their lives in society, and it has a profound impact on vital disciplines, including business relationships, emotional and family ties. The Islamic Penal Code provides for the companionship of suspended sentences, suspension of sentences, semi-liberty, the probation, security and educational measures, and alternative punishments of imprisonment whose purpose is to punish or punish the offender as a whole. Exempt or reduce his punishment. The probation, one of these institutions, is the probation of the offender before the end of his or her term of imprisonment, under the conditions prescribed by the granting authority, including probation of supervision in the community and the possibility of its revocation if the necessary. Conditions are violated during the probation. Reforming the convicted person and returning him to life, reducing the prison population, preventing the repetition of crime, and maintaining order and security within prisons are among the goals of the institution.

Biografia do Autor

Jaan Ahmad Aghaei, Islamic Azad University

Assistant Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, Bandar Anzali Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Anzali, Iran.

Seyyed Karim Masoumi, Islamic Azad University

PhD Student of Criminal Law and Criminology, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

Mohammad Reza Nazari Nejad, Islamic Azad University

Assistant Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran.

Saeid Hakimiha, Imam Hossein University

Associate professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.


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