REGIONALISM CHALLENGES OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN IN WESTERN ASIA
In terms of regionalism, West Asia seems to be an exceptional case of the world’s regional situations. That is because the region’s countries are predominantly acting in a self-centered manner. Moreover, due to their dependency on foreign countries, they lack the required competency for positive role-playing in the convergence process. But, the Islamic Republic of Iran that is pursuing the transformation to a regional power after the Islamic Revolution, especially after 2001, has paid a greater deal of attention to regionalism. However, there are challenges to Iran’s regionalism in western Asia. According to the study findings, regionalism’s challenges can be investigated in three levels: national level (opposite attitudes towards regionalism), regional level (divergence of the region’s countries and competitiveness of Saudi Arabia) and trans-regional level (the influence of the western liberal- democratic discourse and its conflict with Islamic Republic of Iran’s discourse and Shiism phobia and Iran phobia).
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