THE ROLE OF EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME IN POPULATION STABILITY IN RURAL SETTLEMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF VILLAGES IN THE CENTRAL PART OF BIRJAND COUNTY
One of the most important issues facing the villages today is the process of migration of the young and active population from villages, which compromises population stability in rural settlements. Thus, the question of what factors have basically affected population stability in rural areas has always been at stake. Accordingly, given the importance of the issue and the increasing trend of rural instability, this study seeks to investigate the factors affecting population stability in rural settlements of the central part of Birjand County. The method used in this research is descriptive – analytical. The statistical population consists of all the villages in the central part of Birjand County which had a population of over 100 people (89 villages) in the 2016 Census. To determine the statistical sample, 10% of the statistical population that had the largest population decline from 2006 to 2016 was selected. Then, based on the number of households in these 9 villages (691 households), 247 households were chosen as the statistical sample to complete the questionnaire using Cochran formula, and spatial distribution of the questionnaire was conducted among them. For data analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics methods have been employed with the aid of SPSS software. The obtained results demonstrated that from the respondents' point of view, the variables of employment and income have had an impact on population stability of above-average rural settlements while income has made the greatest effect on population stability in rural settlements. According to the results of one-sample t-test and Friedman test, employment and income have a significant impact on population stability of rural settlements. Further, there was a significant difference between the variables of employment and income in the mean rank, and the variable of income has gained the highest rank; that is, income has had the greatest impact on population stability in rural settlements, and employment is ranked second.
2- Hajipour, M. (2011). Study of resilience of rural population with emphasis on the role of employment in Shusef region in South Khorasan Province. Journal of Spatial Planning (Geography), Autumn, No. 14.
3- Alipour, A., Hashemi, M., Ebrahim, Kh. & Moradi, A. (2015). The role of tourism in sustainable social development of desert areas: A case study of Kerman Province. Regional Planning, 7(39), Winter 2017.
4- Poursina, M., Chizari, M., Farajollah Hosseini, J. & Tahmasbi, M. (2010). Factors affecting youth motivation for employment in agriculture: A case study of villages of Kelardasht County. Quarterly Journal of Village and Development, 13(3).
5- Qasemi Siani, M. (2016). The effects of construction of industrial estates in rural areas: A case study of Isfahan Industrial Estate. Master's thesis, Shahid Beheshti University.
6- Qasemi Ardehaei, A., Nobakht, R. & Rostami, N. (2017). Youth retention, entrepreneurship and sustainable employment in rural areas of Ahar County. Quarterly Journal of Rural Development Strategies, 4(2), Summer 2017.
7- Soleimani, M., Bouzarjomehri, Kh., Javan, J. & Annabestani, A. A. (2015). Explaining factors influencing the instability of rural settlements in Iran. Journal of Rural Research and Planning, 4(3), Autumn 2015. Serial number: 11.
8- Kanwal, H., Naveed, T. A., & Azhar Khan, M. (2015). Socio-economic determinants of rural-urban migration in Pakistan. J. Asian Dev. Stud.
9- Otto, M. (2009) Green: Challenges and Opportunities for Business Growing Green: Challenges and opportunities for Busiess, United nations climate chage conference dec7- dec18.
10- Moles, R. F, W. J Morrissey, and B. O’Regan. (2008). Practical appraisal of sustainable development- Methodologies for sustainable measurement at settlement level, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol. 28.
A submissão de originais para este periódico implica na transferência, pelos autores, dos direitos de publicação impressa e digital. Os direitos autorais para os artigos publicados são do autor, com direitos do periódico sobre a primeira publicação. Os autores somente poderão utilizar os mesmos resultados em outras publicações indicando claramente este periódico como o meio da publicação original. Em virtude de sermos um periódico de acesso aberto, permite-se o uso gratuito dos artigos em aplicações educacionais, científicas, não comerciais, desde que citada a fonte (por favor, veja a Licença Creative Commons no rodapé desta página).