• Mohammad Mohammadi Malayer University
  • Bisotoon Azizi Islamic Azad University
Palavras-chave: Prioritization. Educational Characteristics. Sport Coaches. Hamadan Province.


Coaches play a major role in directing and leading sports teams and promoting the proper development of public sport, the coach's endeavor is successful when it comes to knowledge, attitudes and skills. The purpose of this study was to prioritize some of the educational characteristics of sports educators in Hamadan province. The statistical population of this research includes all sports coaches in Hamadan province, which according to the latest information provided by Statistics Center of Sports and Youth Department of the province in 1396, included 4000 people. Sampling method is randomized-categorical, the samples were randomly selected and their number was 351 according to Krejcie and Morgan tables. The data gathering tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that was interviewed with 30 qualified sports coaches and using the Delphi technique and after agreeing on the desired materials, the results of the study were extracted and classified. According to the questionnaire, the training needs of the sports coaches were provided, the content validity of it was evaluated by experts in the field of sport and education and analyzed by Cronbach's alpha test. Formal validity and its content were reviewed by a group of experts. Instrument reliability was calculated using Cronbach's alpha method (α=0.85). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. In descriptive statistics, mean indexes, standard deviations were drawn by drawing tables and in inferential statistics, using the mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and multivariate regression tests, using SPSS software. The findings of this study showed that the order of the effect of educational attributes on the ability of instructors are: Management (0.449), scientific (0.247), personality (0.186), professional (0.148) emotional (0.143) and social (0.088). It can be arranged by planning to address the challenges of the educational characteristics of the sport coaches prioritizing short and long term training courses for management and leadership, sports psychology, technological and scientific related to sports field of Hamadan province, it is possible to improve the level of scientific and practical help to the effect of training sports trainers in Hamadan province.

Biografia do Autor

Mohammad Mohammadi, Malayer University

Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran. Corresponding Author.

Bisotoon Azizi, Islamic Azad University

Department of Physical Education, Piranshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Piranshahr, Iran.


Ajlouni, M. M. Athamneh, S. M. H., and Jaradat, A. A. (2010). “Methods of evaluation: traning techniques”. International research journal of finance and economics (36). PP:56-65.
Architecture, Jaleh. Hamidi, Mehrzad. Saifi, Tahereh. (2013). Study the program of training, evaluation and promotion of sports coaches in selected countries and presenting suggestions. Applied Research in Sport Management, Volume 2, Number 2 (5th series), pp. 112-99.
Australian Swimming Coach Accreditation ‘LAPSED’ Update Criteria, from,
Bäckström, M. Tinnsten, M. Koptyug, A. Rännar, L.E. Carlsson, P. Danvind, J. Wiklund. H. (2013). Sports technology education at Mid Sweden University. 6th Asia-Pacific Congress on Sports Technology (APCST), Available online at 214 – 219.
Bennic ,D.A. (2007). Evaluating Division111 Professional Staff. Athletic Administration,PP.16-18.
Canadian university athletic coaches". Journal of sport management. (70): Coach Evaluation [Internet]. (2009). Available from: GTCSC_Coach Evaluation print.pdf.
Coach selection policy & Application. (2009). Available on:
Coaches Association of British Columbia (CABC)(2007).Available on:htpp//
Esmaeili, Mohsen, Talebpour, Mehdi. (2007). Prioritization and evaluation of coaching dimensions in sport teams of universities of Iran "Quarterly Journal of Research in Sport Sciences, No. 16, pp. 106-92.
Frode, M & Roger A. (2013). Coaches’ Coaching Competence in Relation to Athletes’ Perceived Progress in Elite Sport, Journal of Education and Learning, 2(1): 240-252.
Gracious, Hossein. Ahmadi, Hamid Reza. Behnam Mohsen Hamidi, Mehrzad. (2013). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Arbitration Courses and Coaching from Students' Perspectives Based on the Model of Kirk Patrick, Sports Management, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp. 161-165.
Grant ,M. A. (2006). Coaching for Enhance :Comparing cognitive and Behavioral Approaches to Coaching ,paper presented at the 3International Spearman Seminar" Extending Int elligence : Enhancement and new constructs Sydney.
Hamidi, Mehrzad, Maysameh, Jaleh, Hamidi, Mohsen. (2011). The Wind Assessing the National Coaches' Performance of the Country-Provide Measurement Scale. Research on Sport Management and Mobility Sciences 2: 49-68.
Hamidi, Mehrzad. (2003). "Relationship between Organizational Structure, Effectiveness and Organizational Commitment in the Field of Staff of Sports Organizations of the Country". Doctoral dissertation on Physical Education and Sport Sciences with the orientation of management and planning in physical education of the University of Tehran. SPSS: 80 - 71.
Hamidi, Mehrzad. Architecture, Jaleh. (2014). Explaining the Exploration Model of National Counselor Selection Criteria, Sport Management Studies, No. 24, pp. 58-31.
Herrmann, P. (2006). National Coaches’ Role and Touring Handbook, Judo Federation of Australia, Inc. from https: //assets. imgstg. com/ assets/console/document/documents/JFA%20National%20Coaches%20Hand book. pdf.
Islamic Republic of Iran Physical Education Organization. (2004). "Detailed Human Resource Development Studies". Tehran, green apple. Pages 115-90.
Jorge, K.O.; Ramos-Jorge, M.L.; de Toledo, F.F.; de Toledo, F.F. (2009). "Knowledge of teachers and students in physical education's faculties regarding first-aid measures for tooth avulsion and replantation". Dent Traumatol, 25: 494-499.
Kavussanu, M. (2008). Coaching Efficacy and Coaching Effectiveness: Examining Their Predictors and Comparing Coaches and Athletes Reports. The Sport Psychologist,22:383-404
Khosravi Action, Azar. (2011). "Comparison of performance indicators of coaches from the point of view of experts, athletes and sports coaches of Rasht". Master's thesis, Payame Noor University.
Khosravi Zadeh, Esfandiar; right, Abedeh. (2010). "A survey of coaching activities and their relationship with some personal characteristics of sports coaches in Arak youth and youth". Sports Management, No. 4: 137-153.
Kohandel, Mehdi; Amirtash, Ali Mohammad; Mozaffari, Seyed Amir-Ahmad. (2002). "Determine and prioritize the selection criteria for national team coaches in several group exercises". Olympic magazine, issue 21: 17-28.
Kohendel, Mehdi. (2000). Selection criteria for national team coaches in group coaching, PhD thesis.
Leshenin, Sinitiya et al. (2011). Educational Strategies and Techniques, Hashem Fardashan Translation, Side Publishing, Second Edition, Tehran.
Mayers, N. (2006). “Athletes Evaluation of Their Head Coaches` Coaching Competency”. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport; Mar 2006; 77, 10; Health Module, pg. 111.
Michael C. Meyers, PhD, FACSM. (2006). Enhancing Sport Performance: Merging Sports Science with Coaching. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching 1(1): 89 – 98.
Ministry of Sport and Youth. (2015). Regulations for short-term coaching courses and executive instruction, 26 p. 26-1.
Nasiri, Khosrow, Khabiri, Mohammad, Sajjadi, Nasrallah, Kazemnejad, Nasirvand (2009). Analyze and model the assessment of coaches of national handball teams. Sports Management, 1: 119-139.
Nelson, L. Cushion, C. and Potrac, P. (2012). “Enhancing the provision of coach education: the recommendations of UK coaching practitioners Physical”. education and sport pedagogy. PP:1-15.
Orlowski, J. Wicker, P. Breuer, B. (2016). Labor migration among elite sport coaches: An exploratory study, International Review for the Sociology of Sport:1 –15.
Peterson.D, Nix, C.L.(2010)the Effect of the coaches use humor on female volleyball players evaluation of their coaches ,Journal OF Sport Behavior 18(2)PP14-20.
Physical Education Organization, Center for Education and Physical Education. (2004). Coaching short courses.
Qhhhfrkh peasant, Amin. (2010). Evaluation of the performance of coaches of national volleyball teams using 360 degree feedback, Master's thesis for Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran.
Ramezani Nejad, Rahim. Hakimi, Faith. (2012). Management Style and Leadership in Sports, Hatami Publications, First Printing, Tehran, pp. 140-120.
Redmond. Coach Evaluation [Internet]. 2000. Available from: http://www. lwsya. Org.
Ringuet-Riot, C. Carter, S. James, D.A. (2014). Programmed innovation in team sport using needs driven innovation. The 2014 conference of the International Sports Engineering Association. Available online at
Robbins, Stefan P. (2014). Principles of Organizational Behavior, Translation of Parsayian, Ali. Arabi, Seyyed Mohammad Rasam Publication, Thirty-One Edition, Tehran, p. 190-144.
Rouhani, Meysam. Talebpour, Mehdi. Ramezani Nejad, Rahim. Benar, Noushin. (2013). Factor Analysis of Performance Evaluation Indicators of Professional Soccer Professionals in Iran, Practical Research in Sport Management, Volume 2, Number 2 (5 successive), pp. 48-35.
Santos, S. (2010). “Coaches’ perceptions of competence and acknowledgement of training needs related to professional competences”. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 9, 62-70
Shafiei, Mohsen, Goodarzi, Mahmoud, Hamidi, Mahzad, Yadollahi, Jahangiri. (2007). Designing and explaining the criteria for choosing coaches from the National Swimming Team, Diving and Water Polo in the field of teamwork. Journal of Motion, 32: 19-36.
South Delta Minor Hockey Rep Coach Selection Criteria Internet. (2008). Availablefrom:
Surujlal, J. Mac Lean, J. (2009). "Performance appraisal of coaches: A comparative study" African Journal for Physical Education,Recreation and Dance.15(1)PP:43-52.
Svein Karhus. (2010). Physical education teacher education on the education market – who’s defining what physical education teachers need to know?, Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 15(3): 227-241.
SWAT Hockey. (2010). "SWAT coach evaluation process"Available at:http//www.swat.a.b./Assets/documents/uploads/coachevaluation.pdf.
Tabrizi, Reza. (2002). Prioritizing some of the characteristics of coaches from the viewpoint of national coaches and coaches, Journal of Motion, No. 11, pp. 131-119.
- Jackson, Roger, Palmer, Richard. (2001). Sports Guide. Gayini et al., Edited by the National Olympic Committee.
U.S Curling Association Coach Selection Procedure. (2010). winter games [Internet]. 2010. Available from:
United States Taekwondo Grandmasters Society. (2009). Selection and nominatio criteria. Available on:http//
USA basketball coach selection procedures. (2012). Olympic Games (Internet) 2009. Availabefrom:
Verhagen, E.A.; van Stralen, M.M.; van Mechelen, W. (2010). "Behaviour, the key factor for sports injury prevention". Sports Med; 40(11): 899-906.
Yousefi, Said. Zoraki, Swallow. Sharifian, Ismail. (2013). Assessing the Exercise Exercise Instructors' Knowledge on First Aid to Athletes Affected by Sporty Fields, Applied Research in Sport Management, Volume 2, Number 2 (5th series), pp. 162-151.