THE ROLE OF FAMILY IN VALUE TRANSFORMATION OF YOUTHS AND MIDDLE-AGED PEOPLE IN TEHRAN
This research aims to conduct a sociological study on the role of family in value transformation in two groups of youths (20-29 years) and middle-age people (40-49 years) in District 9 of Tehran.The statistical sample was determined to be 384 subjects for both groups through Cochran formula and then, questionnaires were distributed and completed by the respondents using the stratified random sampling method.
The relationship intensity in value priorities of youths (0.546) indicated a strong and positive correlation with the independent variable (family values). But the relationship intensity in value priorities of middle-aged people had a moderate to low correlation with family values.
Multivariate regression test results related to youths’ value priorities revealed that independent variables included in the equation, consisting of family (parents) values, modernism and individualism, explain 31% of the total variations in the dependent variable of youths’ value priorities. Among the independent variables, the variable of family values with a direct impact factor of 0.665 has the greatest effect on the variable of youths’ value priorities.
Multivariate regression test results related to middle-aged people’s value priorities suggested that independent variables entered in the equation, including family values, modernism and individualism, explain 16% of the total variations in the dependent variable of middle-aged people’s value priorities. Among the independent variables, the variable of individualism with a direct impact factor of 0.312 has the greatest effect on the variable of middle-aged people’s value priorities.
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